Modern trends in repeated disability due to diseases of the musculoskeletal system and connective tissue in retirement age citizens of the Russian Federation

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Abstract

The article presents results of the study ofproblems of the repeated disability due to diseases of the musculoskeletal system and connective tissue in retirement age citizens of the Russian Federation in the period of from 2005 to 2014. There were analyzed the number of this category of invalids, their specific weight among re-recognized as disabled cases with account of classes of diseases and the age, structure of the repeated disability in groups, the level of repeated disability and ranking places of subjects of the Russian Federation on this index in 2014. The results of the executed analysis indicate that only in the Russian Federation for 10 years (2005-2014) there were re-recognized as disabled due to diseases of the musculoskeletal system and connective tissue 487.1 thousand people from citizens of retirement age with distinct dynamics of the increase as their absolute number (from 22.1 thousand persons in 2005 to 69.3 thousand people in 2014) and the index of disability level (respectively from 7.6 to 20.5 per 10 thousand of the corresponding adult population). This pathology was established to determine a high level of repeated disability in this age group (20.5 per 10 thousand population). Comparative analysis by age revealed that in the Russian Federation in the structure of the repeated disability due to diseases of the musculoskeletal system and connective tissue in the adult population invalids of the retirement age prevail (42.8% in 2014). Along with diseases of the circulatory system (of rank 1) and malignant neoplasms (rank 2), diseases of the musculoskeletal system and connective tissue form the contingent of cases repeatedly recognized as disabled of retirement age (3th rank place). A ranking ofall subjects of the Russian Federation by the level of repeated disability of citizens of retirement age due to diseases of the musculoskeletal system and connective tissue allowed to select 70 ranking places, that with bearing in mind the present demographic situation, has a practical orientation for planning the organization of medical and social care for the given large category of the population.

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About the authors

Marina A. Shurgaya

Russian Medical Academy of Postgraduate Education

Email: daremar@mail.ru
MD, PhD, Associate Professor of the Department of Geriatrics and Medical-Social Expertise Moscow, 123995, Russian Federation

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