THE IMPACT OF CONDITIONS AND LIFE STILE OF DISABLED PEOPLE ON THE ASSESSMENT OF THE MEDICAL-SOCIAL ASSISTANCE AND QUALITY OF THE ACCESSIBILITY OF THE ENVIRONMENT



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Abstract

Disability is the one of the topical medico-social problems in the Russian Federation and all over the world. In recent years, our country has developed and implemented a large number of state programs aimed at the adaptation of persons with disabilities for the life in society, one of which is the program «Accessible environment». In the framework of the implementation of the Federal law, persons with disabilities are provided with social housing. In this article on the example of wheelchair users who received social housing and living on the territories of intercity municipality of the village of Pargolovo, Vyborgsky district of the city of Saint Petersburg, in the current socio-economic conditions there is presented the scientific analysis of the impact of the environment and lifestyle on the assessment of health and social care and quality of the accessible environment. This study was executed by the method of the main body by means of the survey of 110 by wheelchair users who received social housing. A study identified main shortcomings of the medico-social assistance to wheelchair users living in the municipality. In the course of the study there were evaluated the quality of environment accessibility for the following indices: openness, adaptability, comfort and security of the social infrastructure, culture, leisure and recreation, as well as skills and the cooperation of the staff of the social infrastructure, culture, leisure, and individuals with disabilities. The analysis of the quality of accessibility of the environment established its compliance with the expected results of the program «Accessible environment».

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About the authors

M. A Alekseev

Saint Petersburg State Pediatric Medical University

Saint Petersburg, 194100, Russian Federation

Karina E. Moiseeva

Saint Petersburg State Pediatric Medical University

Email: karina-moiseeva@yandex.ru
MD, PhD, Associate Professor of the Department Public Health and Health Care; Saint Petersburg, 194100, Russian Federation Saint Petersburg, 194100, Russian Federation

Sh. D Kharbedia

Saint Petersburg State Pediatric Medical University

Saint Petersburg, 194100, Russian Federation

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