Analysis of the needs of disabled people for employment in a special workplace in the Russian Federation and St. Petersburg

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Employment of disabled persons of I and II groups with disabilities of the ability to work of the 2nd and 3rd degree involves the organization of special working conditions, including the creation of special jobs.

AIMS: Study of the need for people with disabilities in employment at a special workplace in the Russian Federation and St. Petersburg and the results of the IPRA on the creation of special jobs for 5 years (2015–2019).

MATERIALS AND METHODS: The object of the research is a set of disabled people in need of vocational rehabilitation in St. Petersburg. Sources ― certificates of examination, reporting form No. 7-social security. Research methods: analytical, expert assessment method, statistical.

RESULTS: In the dynamics from 2015 to 2019, a low indicator of the identified need for disabled people to create special jobs for the employment of disabled people was revealed both in the Russian Federation (7.3%) and in St. Petersburg (3.7%). It has been established that since 2018, in statistical form 7-sobes, the mandatory recommendations for the employment of disabled people with sensory impairments in special workplaces have been regulated. In this regard, the paper analyzes the needs for the organization of special workplaces for people with sensory disabilities, while in dynamics for 2018–2019. there was an increase in the indicator of the need to create special jobs for this contingent in the Russian Federation (from 17.4% in 2018 to 22.1% in 2019 for the visually impaired; from 0.3% in 2018 to 0.4% in 2019 for the disabled with simultaneous visual and hearing impairment) and a decrease in this indicator in St. Petersburg (from 56.2% in 2018 to 44.3 in 2019 for the visually impaired; from 4.0% in 2018 to 1.9% in 2019 for the disabled with simultaneous visual and hearing impairment).

CONCLUSION: The data obtained substantiate the relevance of studying this problem with the need to develop an optimal model for creating special jobs to increase the employment rates of disabled people of groups I and II.

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About the authors

Lyudmila A. Karasaeva

St. Petersburg Institute of Advanced Training of Doctors-Experts

Email: ludkaras@yandex.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5621-0240
SPIN-code: 9544-3108

MD, Dr. Sci. (Med.), Professor

Russian Federation, 11/12 Bolshoy Sampsoniyevsky ave., Saint Petersburg, 194044

Marina V. Goryainova

St. Petersburg Institute of Advanced Training of Doctors-Experts

Author for correspondence.
Email: marinagoryainova@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8904-8614
SPIN-code: 5189-8241

Graduate Student

Russian Federation, 11/12 Bolshoy Sampsoniyevsky ave., Saint Petersburg, 194044

References

  1. Karasaeva LA, Goryainova MV, Gurova AA. Organizational and legal foundations of the labor structure of disabled people in modern conditions. Bulletin of the All-Russian Society of specialists in medical and social expertise, rehabilitation and rehabilitation industry. 2020;(1):31–40. (In Russ).
  2. Puzin SN, Shurgaya MA, Memetov SS, et al. Disability in the XXI century. The state of the problem of medical and social rehabilitation and habilitation of disabled people in modern Russia. Medical and Social Expertise and Rehabilitation. 2018;21(1-2):10–17. (In Russ).
  3. Federal Law No. 181-FZ of 24.11.1995 “On Social Protection of Disabled Persons in the Russian Federation”. (In Russ). Available from: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_8559/. Accessed: 02.15.2021.
  4. Order of the Ministry of Labor and Social Protection of the Russian Federation No. 685n dated November 19, 2013 “On approval of the basic requirements for equipping (equipping) special workplaces for the employment of disabled people, taking into account impaired functions and limitations of their vital activity”. (In Russ). Available from: https://base .garant.ru/70631460/. Accessed: 02.15.2021.
  5. Rosstat Order No. 859 dated 22.12.2017 “On Approval of Statistical Tools for the Organization by the Ministry of Labor and Social Protection of the Russian Federation of Federal statistical monitoring of the Activities of Federal state institutions of medical and social expertise”. (In Russ). Available from: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_286332/. Accessed: 02.15.2021.
  6. Rosstat Order No. 742 dated 05.12.2019 (ed. dated 24.12.2019) “On Approval of Federal Statistical Observation Forms with Instructions for Filling Them Out for the Organization by the Ministry of Labor and Social Protection of the Russian Federation of federal statistical observation of the activities of Federal state organizations of medical and social expertise”. (In Russ). Available from: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_339862/. Accessed: 02.15.2021.

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