Indicators of the need of disabled people for vocational rehabilitation activities

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: In the system of medical and social expertise and rehabilitation of disabled people, the solution of issues of employment, socialization, improvement of the level and quality of their life becomes obviously relevant.

AIMS: To study and analyze the needs of disabled people in vocational rehabilitation, including employment and the creation of special jobs, in a comparative aspect - in St. Petersburg and the Russian Federation.

MATERIAL AND METHODS. The materials of the study were data from Rosstat of Russia, official state statistical reporting: Forms 7-sobes "Information on medical and social expertise of persons aged 18 and older" for 2015–2019.

RESULTS: The article analyzes the indicators of primary disability and the needs of disabled people in vocational rehabilitation activities based on the study of the individual rehabilitation or habilitation program (IPRA) for disabled people in Saint Petersburg and the Russian Federation in dynamics over five years (2015–2019). An analysis of the needs for vocational rehabilitation measures, taking into account its structure in IPRA (vocational guidance and employment) and the disability group, was carried out. Since the greatest difficulties arise in the selection and organization of jobs for people with disabilities of groups I and II, the needs of people with disabilities in creating a special workplace have been studied. The necessity of solving organizational, methodological, and financial issues when creating special jobs for the disabled is emphasized.

CONCLUSION: The implementation of the state program "Accessible environment" and its subprograms aimed at creating models of employment of disabled people in the regions of the Russian Federation requires taking into account the territorial characteristics of the prevalence of primary disability and the specifics of the regional labor market in the employment of disabled people.

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About the authors

Marina V. Goryainova

St. Petersburg Institute of Advanced Training of Doctors-Experts

Email: marinagoryainova@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8904-8614
SPIN-code: 5189-8241

Graduate Student

Russian Federation, 11/12 Bolshoy Sampsoniyevsky ave., Saint Petersburg, 194044

Lyudmila A. Karasaeva

St. Petersburg Institute of Advanced Training of Doctors-Experts

Email: ludkaras@yandex.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5621-0240
SPIN-code: 9544-3108

MD, Dr. Sci. (Med.), Professor

Russian Federation, 11/12 Bolshoy Sampsoniyevsky ave., Saint Petersburg, 194044

Aminat A. Nurova

St. Petersburg Institute of Advanced Training of Doctors-Experts

Email: zulmira1989@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6585-3966

Graduate Student

Russian Federation, 11/12 Bolshoy Sampsoniyevsky ave., Saint Petersburg, 194044

Olga N. Petrova

St. Petersburg Institute of Advanced Training of Doctors-Experts

Email: olga.petrova.71@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8438-6072
SPIN-code: 6598-9405

Graduate Student

Russian Federation, 11/12 Bolshoy Sampsoniyevsky ave., Saint Petersburg, 194044

Elena M. Ugleva

St. Petersburg Institute of Advanced Training of Doctors-Experts

Email: uglevaem@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1130-5913
SPIN-code: 8589-8371

MD, Cand. Sci. (Med.), Assistant Professor

Russian Federation, 11/12 Bolshoy Sampsoniyevsky ave., Saint Petersburg, 194044

Dmitry S. Ogay

St. Petersburg Institute of Advanced Training of Doctors-Experts

Author for correspondence.
Email: Dogay2008@yandex.ru

MD, Dr. Sci. (Med.)

Russian Federation, 11/12 Bolshoy Sampsoniyevsky ave., Saint Petersburg, 194044

References

  1. Federal Register of Disabled People. At the working age (as of 01.01.2021) [Internet]. (In Russ). Available from: https://sfri.ru/analitika/zanyatost/zanyatost/zanyatost-v-razreze-subektov?territory=undefined. Accessed: March 29, 2021.
  2. The Law of the Russian Federation of 19.04.1991 No. 1032-1 “On employment of the population in the Russian Federation” (as amended. from 23.02.2013). (In Russ). Available from: https://normativ.kontur.ru/document?moduleId=1&documentId=399591. Accessed: March 29, 2021.
  3. Order of the Ministry of Labor of the Russian Federation No. 863n dated 29.12.2018 «On approval of indicators for evaluating the effectiveness of the employment service bodies to promote the employment of disabled people for 2019». (In Russ). Available from: https://base.garant.ru/72180774/. Accessed: March 29, 2021.
  4. Rosstat Order No. 859 of 22.12.2017 “On approval of statistical tools for the organization by the Ministry of Labor and Social Protection of the Russian Federation of federal statistical monitoring of the activities of federal state institutions of medical and social expertise”. (In Russ). Available from: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_286332/. Accessed: March 29, 2021.
  5. Federal Law of the Russian Federation No. 168-FZ of 02.07. 2013 «On Amendments to Articles 4 and 22 of the Federal Law «On Social Protection of Disabled People in the Russian Federation» (In Russ). Available from: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_148479/. Accessed: March 29, 2021.
  6. Federal Law of the Russian Federation No. 11-FZ of 23.02.2013 «On Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of the Russian Federation on the Issue of Job Quotas for disabled people». (In Russ). Available from: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_142512/. Accessed: March 29, 2021.

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